Yale & Towne Manufacturing Co., Stamford, Connecticut - 2
movements, Type G
The complete line of Yale Type A through G time locks pictured from left to right. The A was a unique prototype
piece. Only the
Type B through E series went into production.
The G was only made as salesman's samples. Since the Type A was a prototype and at the present time only one Type
C and complete G has been found, those facts makes this collection unique in that it
contains the complete set of all the examples. No records for or examples of
a Type F are known.
Yale's Type G time lock was introduced concurrently with the D and E, in
1888. (There is no record of a Yale Type F.) The Type G, which used two
seventy-two hour modular Waltham made pocket watch movements, was Yale's
smallest time lock to date. Its dial attributes a patent to Stockwell, but
no Type G-specific patent has been identified. Like the Types Dand E, the
two Type G movements each have an up/down power reserve indicator and are
wound simultaneously by the single central key-driven arbor, the same design
as used in the Type D and E. Interestingly, American Waltham Watch Co, had
specific names for each damascening pattern that they used on movements; the
pattern used on the movements for the Types B through G was designated
Yale's Type E
offered the option of a key and combination-free door too, but it was large,
requiring even more space than earlier models. For smaller safes, Yale
introduced the Type G with with the same benefits of the Type E, but in a
more compact format albite with two rather than three movements.
As with the Types D and E, production of the Type G ended in 1891 and was
probably considered unsuccessful: only twenty two Type Gs seem to have been
made, with two consigned, but none known to be sold. (1)
Front elevation of the Type G. Note the position of the stop flag at the 3:30
position on the dial rim which had to
be positioned so as to always be ahead of the pointer to perform its function.
The flag is currently at 19 hours and so the operator could simply set the dial
to that position without worrying about overwinding. The flag could be set for
any hour via a set of seventy-two holes on the rear of the dial, see photo
Front elevation of the Type G with door opened.
The first photo shows the rear of the time lock. Note the similarity to that
of the Type E
where both springs are wound simultaneously and the use of the wiper to
trigger the bolt release. The bolt trigger fits within the bottom of the
case and is located within the recess behind the wiper. Next a section of the rear dial showing the holes
to secure the position of the stop flag. The drilled detents shown on the Type D performs
this same function.
The example of Yale's Type G shown here controls a Yale No. 2 bolt motor,
allowing the time lock to be used independently of any combination lock. It
is the only known complete example of a Type G to survive. As shown by the
heavy wooden case this was a salesman's sample It is believed that Yale
mounted many if not all of their samples in similar cases, yet this is the
only Yale time lock salesman's case to survive.
The first photo shows the bolt motor winding handle in the stowed position.
Next an exterior shot of the case, of course the case lock is also a Yale.
Yale Type G, 1889. The Yale Type G was designed with a release to be used with an
automatic bolt motor. The company of E. Howard & Co. and later, after 1902,
Seth Thomas supplied nearly all of the movements for Yale time locks (until
the 1950's when movements from Switzerland were used). An exception are the
Yale Type B through G models which used a modified version of a pocket
watch; size #14, model 84 movements by American Waltham Watch Co. A smaller
Waltham movement was also later extensively used in Mosler
time locks. The movements were designed with anti-magnetic qualities -
cutting edge technology for the day. This would be the smallest time lock
made by Yale until the introduction of the T221 model in 1920. This model as
were all the Type a through G models were not successful, and while
twenty-two were ultimately produced, it appears that most if not all were
installed into salesman's sample cases and none were actually sold. This is
the only complete model known and is the same as the example illustrated in
American Genius, page 248-249. A lone movement
is found in the Harry Miller Collection, see below. 5 1/2"w x 2 3/4"h x 2 1/2"d Case #22, movement plate #12G,
consecutive movements #4527238 and #4527239.file
An interesting aside is the fact that both Seth Thomas and E.
Howard were companies that made a full line of clocks and watches. From large tower clocks
(for public buildings) to domestic clocks to watches as well as movements for time locks.
Click here to see a medium sized Seth Thomas and Howard tower clock.
A Yale Type G movement in the Harry Miller Collection, Nicholasville, KY.
This the only other known example of this model.
American Genius - Nineteenth Century Bank Locks and
Time Locks, John and David Erroll, pp. 248-249