Consolidated Time Lock Co., Cincinnati, Ohio - 3 movements

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A. c. 1904. Consolidated was a late entrant into the market for three movement time locks. Yale introduced the first three movement and somewhat modular time lock, the Type B in 1887, followed closely by S&G's Triple A in 1888. This example is a rare triple movement lock made up of a composite of movements found in the company's standard dual and single movement models. Unlike other models that Consolidated made, this case has no patent dates and these movements are 80 hours in duration as opposed to the company's' standard 48 hour movements. Consolidated did begin making their dual movement pairs in 80 hour duration around this time, but there are no 80 hour single movement time locks known with the exception of an alarm timer by Banker's Electric Protective Company . By this time longer duration time locks were becoming standard and Consolidated had to catch up and this duration presaged their modular time locks introduced in 1905. Note the difference in the lever and dial pointer in the lower movement. The bolt release arm was altered to work in the new configuration. As a result, the original dial pointer was cut off and replaced with a separate one attached to the arbor positioned so as to indicate the correct time. A real issue with this design is the fact that there are two separate linkages from the upper timer pair as well as the lower single movement. These look to be prone to jamming with each other. The overall design has a clumsy, cobbled together look. Note the button blank in the lower left-hand corner of the single movement. This covers where a hole was to accommodate the fence lock/ release system present in all production run single movement locks. This may have been an experimental or prototype model. There are two other known examples. Given the very high serial number of the upper movement pair this was made very late in the production run of this type of time lock movement before the company's change over to the modular movements containing Elgin Watch Company pocket watch movements. That design change made their three movement design practical and elegant. Case #19, 5 3/4"h x 5"w x 2 1/2"d Upper paired movements #7206, lower single movement #4978 . file 103

One of two other known examples from the Harry C. Miller collection in Nicholasville, KY.

B. Harry Dalton type triple time lock, c. 1905. This design was adapted from a successful three movement configuration patented in 1904 by Consolidated's employee Harry Dalton for use in Ely Norris Co. safes and used Elgin Watch Company movements. It replaces the the limited three movement design described in the example above. Consolidated brought this design for use with automatic bolt motors to meet competition that was offered from Diebold at the time. (1). This example comes with its associated bolt motor, making it a rare combination. A version was also produced for conventional, manually operated bolt works. Consolidated ceased production in 1906, so while this style of lock is of a later vintage than those shown with the earlier Howard movements that have the horizontally mounted balances, (with the exception of the 3 movement shown in example A), there were fewer of these made making them quite rare. The first watch movements used by Consolidated were by Elgin Watch Co. in Illinois and can be identified by the white dials. Shortly thereafter, they shifted to using South Bend Watch Co. movements made in Indiana. Those used black dials. Time lock net 6"w x 3 1/2"h x 2 3/8"d. With bolt motor 6 1/2" h. Case #1440. file 150

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C. 1905-06. Consolidated made only a few locks that operated directly upon the bolt work of the door. Their locks were mostly used with automatic bolt motors or in some cases operated directly on the combination lock by blocking the fence from falling into place should the correct combination be dialed in while the time lock was still on guard. The latter method was a fairly uncommon method of guarding the safe by any other makers. By far the most common was the use of an automatic bolt motor which would be tripped by the time lock or the use of a bolt dogging mechanism to block the bolt work from operating until the time lock went off guard. In this example an adaptor is mounted to the base of a two movement Consolidated time lock to allow it to operate on the bolt work in the conventional manner. This is evidenced by the hole in the base where the bolt work would slide through, last photo. By this time Consolidated had switched movement suppliers from Elgin National Watch Co. of Elgin, Illinois, to the South Bend Watch Co., South Bend, Indiana and the black dial format accompanied this change. 6 1/4"w x 4 1/2"h x 2 31/2"d Case #1710 file 207

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(1) American Genius Nineteenth Century Bank Locks and Time Locks, David Erroll & John Erroll, pp 306-307.