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Maker, Unknown, probably English. c. 1890. Movement  5h" x 12" dia. / 11"h x 13" over hexagonal glazed case. Clock work driven orrery with Earnshaw type, split bi-metallic chronometer detent escapement with jeweled potence pivot and driven with chain fusee. Eight day duration. An additional spring barrel drives the orrery with one year duration. It also serves to eliminate the backlash that would be present in a mechanism with so many wheels. Subsidiary dial for the Bisextile, four year (leap year) cycle. Outer ring with year calendar and zodiacal indicators. Orrery with two inner planets, Mercury and Venus with rings to indicate each planet's orbital inclination to the sun. Also a separate tellurian depicting the Earth and moon system, with moon phases, the moon's orbital inclination in relation to the ecliptic represented by a ring around the Earth and a track for the moon to physically rise and fall with respect to the Earth, an indicator to show where it rises and sets relative to the surface of the Earth, below a subsidiary dial for moon's age and phases. The Earth at correct inclination with dial ring above divided into two twelve hour sectors illustrated with Roman numerals rotating with the earth. An apparatus connecting the earth to the Sun to shows the Sun's zenith and declination around the Earth as well as lines showing the approximate areas of sunrise and sunset in the Northern hemisphere. The entire mechanism pirouettes upon its central spindle once per year with indicator hand for outer silvered ring to indicate the position of the sun in the ecliptic as well as the date, month and zodiac house. All subsidiary dials engraved and silvered on skeltonized frame with unique upper and lower plates (not mirrored) held by nine pillars. Total of 45 wheels within the mechanism.

Here we clearly see the large silvered hand with a depiction of the Sun emblazoned on the shank. This rotates with the mechanism annually and reads off the large outer dial ring to give the month, day and where the Sun appears in the appropriate house of the zodiac for that time.

A close up of the Earth from above detailing the crown ring and is hour indicator pin. All of this rotates along with the Earth on the tilted axis is is, in fact, a rather delicate contrivance.

An end-on view revealing some of the wheel works between the plates. There are an additional ten wheels unseen below the lower plate. The upper and lower plate are each unique. In other words they are not mirrored. They are separated by nine pillars.

This photo clearly shows the two rings soldered to the Sun that guide the inner planets of Mercury and Venus; depicting the actual inclinations of the orbits of these two inner planets to the Sun.

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